Types of Adverb


Adverb of time
The weather is very hot today.
आज मौसम बहुत गर्म है।

Adverb of place
There is a hotel in front of the park.
पार्क के सामने एक होटल है।

Adverb of quantity
Riya has only hundred rupees.
रिया के पास केवल सौ रुपये हैं।

Adverb of manner
He runs very fast.
वह बहुत तेज़ दौड़ता है

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Portmanteau Combos


A portmanteau word is one that blends the sound and combines the meaning of two others.
एक portmanteau शब्द वह है जो ध्वनि को मिश्रित करता है और दो अन्य शब्दों के अर्थ को जोड़ता है।

Bit (binary + digit)
बिट (बाइनरी + डीजिट)

Camcorder (camera + recorder)
कैमकॉर्डर (कैमरा + रिकॉर्डर)

E-commerce (electronic + commerce)
ई-कॉमर्स (इलेक्ट्रॉनिक + कॉमर्स)

Fantabulous (fantastic + fabulous)
फैनटैब्यूलस (फैनटेस्टिक + फैब्यूलस)

Hi-tech (high + technology)
हाई टेक् (हाई + टेक्नोलॉजी)

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Capitalization - 2


Always capitalize the following:

The first letter of nationalities, religions, races of people, and languages. (राष्ट्रीयताओं, धर्मों, जाति और भाषाओं का पहला अक्षर)
E.g. We often eat Italian food.
I like to learn many languages especially French.
We work for a Japanese company.

Geographic areas: cities, states, countries, mountains, oceans, rivers, etc. (भौगोलिक क्षेत्र: शहर, राज्य, देश, पहाड़, महासागर, नदियाँ आदि)
E.g. My destination is Paris.
We visited the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.
They went near the Arctic ocean.

The first letter in a person’s title. (किसी व्यक्ति के शीर्षक में पहला अक्षर।)
E.g. I went to see Mr. Sinha.
Your class teacher, Miss Sharma, called us for a meeting.

Historical periods (ऐतिहासिक काल)
E.g. The Renaissance began in the 14th century.
We watched a movie about World War II.

The first letter of each major word in the title of a book, movie, article, etc. (पुस्तक, फिल्म, लेख आदि के शीर्षक में प्रत्येक प्रमुख शब्द का पहला अक्षर)
E.g. Shakespeare's Macbeth is my favorite novel.
I like to watch Titanic movie.

 

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Capitalization - 1


Always capitalize the following:

The first word in a sentence (किसी वाक्य का पहला शब्द)

E.g. I am Indian.
He is going to temple.
Hurrah! We won the match.

The pronoun I (सर्वनाम = I)
E.g. Do you think, I should go out?
I think I should go now.
I am not able to complete this work.

The first letter of a proper noun (specific name). (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा का पहला अक्षर (विशिष्ट नाम))
E.g. This letter is from Chang.
Shreya is my friend.
Amit and Arun are friends.

The first letter of months, days, and holidays (but not seasons). (महीनों, दिनों और छुट्टियों का पहला अक्षर (लेकिन मौसम नहीं))
E.g. I am going to meet her on Saturday.
We will go there during Christmas break.
I like rainy season but this year there is no rain in July month.

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Foreign Phrases commonly used in English


pro forma: प्रारूप (as a matter of form)

He was given a pro forma copy of a document. (उसे दस्तावेज का एक प्रारूप दिया गया था।)

pro rata: यथानुपात (in proportion)

As the rupee has fallen costs have risen on a pro rata basis. (रुपए की कीमत गिरने से कीमतों में यथानुपात बढ़ोतरी हुई है।)

quid pro quo: मुआवज़ा/ बदले में (something that is given or done in exchange for something else)

The pardon was a quid pro quo for their help in releasing hostages. (माफी बंधकों को छोड़ने में उनकी मदद के बदले में थी।)

raison d'etre: उद्देश्य/ अस्तित्व का कारण (reason something exists or is done)

My company's raison d'être is always ]serving the community as with generating profits. (मुनाफा पैदा करने के साथ मेरी कंपनी का उद्देश्य हमेशा ही समुदाय की सेवा करना रहा है।)

 

 

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